Cleanth Brooks, a well known close reading theorist establishes his theory in the essay, “The Well Wrought Urn,” which focuses on understanding the poem as a whole, explaining that a poem cannot be deconstructed into fragments and that a reader must not paraphrase a poem , as it damages the poem’s original intent.
Secondly, Franco Moretti, a distant reader developed a theory far from the realm of Brooks in, “Graphs, Maps and Trees: Abstract Models for a Literary History,” an essay that proclaims that literature can be understood when viewed from afar. Both theories, while very different, with Brooks criticizing the structure and unity of poetry and Moretti evaluating the cultural impact on novel genres and their unity, both focus on patterns, structure, and unity. The approaches are logical whilst maintaining a literary perspective; this common denominator is more important than the dissimilarities among their theories.
The literary theories of Brooks and Moretti are strikingly different, however, both theorists choose a logical approach to analyze literature at at the level of the poem (Brooks) or at the level of all novels (Moretti) in which both theorists examine literature as a whole rather than subjecting it to a deconstructed meaning generated by its readers.